Male circumcision and HIV: a web special series
23 February 2007
Male circumcision is one of the world’s oldest surgical practices; carvings depicting circumcisions have been found in ancient Egyptian temples dating as far back as 2300 BC.
In recent months, the issue of male circumcision and its links to the transmission of HIV has hit the headlines and sparked debates across the world. Trials in Kenya, Uganda and South Africa have now all shown that male circumcision significantly reduces a man’s risk of acquiring HIV.
As UNAIDS, the World Health Organization and other partners prepare to look at how to take these findings forward, in terms of UN guidance to countries on policy and programming, at a consultation to be held in Geneva from 5-8 March 2007, www.unaids.org takes an in-depth look at the issue of male circumcision in a special three-part series. Where did male circumcision originate, who practices it and why? These questions and others relating to the history and determinants of male circumcision will be considered in part one of the series – ‘Male Circumcision: context, criteria and culture’, published on Monday 26 February. On Wednesday 28 February, part two –‘Male circumcision and HIV: The here and now’ will summarize current research findings on male circumcision and HIV acquisition. Part three, to be published on Friday 2 March will discuss future action and developments from the United Nations and feature a special interview with UNAIDS Chief Scientific Adviser, Dr Catherine Hankins.